For one whose heart melts with compassion for all creatures; what is the necessity of knowledge, liberation, matted hair on the head, and smearing the body with ashes?
यस्य चितं द्रवीभूतं कृपया सर्वजन्तुषु ।
तस्य ज्ञानेन मोक्षेण किं जटाभस्मलेपनैः ।।१।।
There is no treasure on earth the gift of which will cancel the debt a disciple owes his guru for having taught him even a single letter (that leads to Krsna consciousness).
एकमेवाक्षरं यस्तु गुरुः शिष्यं प्रबोधयेत् ।
पृथिव्यां नास्ति तद्द्रव्यं यद् दत्त्वा चानृणी भवेत् ।।२।।
There are two ways to get rid of thorns and wicked persons; using footwear in the first place and in the second shaming them so that they cannot raise their faces again thus keeping them at a distance.
खलानां कण्टकानां च द्विविधैव प्रतिक्रिया ।
उपानद् मुखभङ्गो वा दूरतैव विसर्जनम् ।।३।।
He who wears unclean garments, has dirty teeth, is a glutton, speaks unkindly and sleeps after sunrise — although he may be the greatest personality — will lose the favour of Lakshmi.
कुचैलिनं दन्तमलोपधारिणां बह्वाशिनंनिष्ठुरभाषिणां च ।
सूर्योदये वाऽस्तमिते शयानं विमुञ्चति श्रीर्यदि चक्रपाणिः ।।४।।
He who loses his money is forsaken by his friends, his wife, his servants and his relations; yet when he regains his riches those who have forsaken him come back to him. Hence wealth is certainly the best of relations.
त्यजन्ति मित्राणि धनैर्विहीनं दाराश्च भृत्याश्च सुहृज्जनाश्च ।
तं चार्थवन्तं पुनराश्रयन्ते ह्यर्थो हि लोके पुरुषस्य बन्धुः ।।५।।
Sinfully acquired wealth may remain for ten years; in the eleventh year it disappears with even the original stock.
अन्यायोपार्जितं द्रव्यं दश वर्षाणि तिष्ठति ।
प्राप्ते एकादशे वर्षे समूलं च विनश्यति ।।६।।
A true meal is that which consists of the remnants left after a brahmana’s meal. Love, which is shown to others, is true love, not that which is cherished for one’s own self. To abstain from sin is true wisdom. That is an act of charity, which is performed without ostentation.
तद्भोजनं यद् द्विजभुक्तशेषं
तत्सौहृदं यत्क्रियते परस्मिन् ।
सा प्राज्ञता या न करोति पापं
दम्भं विना यः क्रियते पापं
दम्भं विना यः क्रियते स धर्मः ।।८।।
For want of discernment the most precious jewels lie in the dust at the feet of men while bits of glass are worn on their heads. But we should not imagine that the gems have sunk in value, and the bits of glass have risen in importance. When a person of critical judgement shall appear, each will be given its right position.
मणिर्लुण्ठति पादाग्रे काचः शिरसि धार्यते ।
क्रय विक्रयवेलायां काचः काचो मणिर्मणिः ।।९।।
Sastric (scriptural) knowledge is unlimited, and the arts to be learned are many; the time we have is short, and our opportunities to learn are beset with obstacles. Therefore select for learning that which is most important, just as the swan drinks only the milk in water.
अनन्तंशास्त्रं बहुलाश्च विद्याः अल्पं च कालो बहुविघ्नता च ।
यत्सारभूतं तदुपासनीयं, हंसो यथा क्षीरमिवम्बुमध्यात् ।।१०।।
He is a chandala who eats his dinner without entertaining the stranger who has come to his house quite accidentally, having travelled from a long distance and is wearied.
दूरागतं पथि श्रान्तं वृथा च गृहमागतम् ।
अनर्चयित्वा यो भुङ्क्ते स वै चाण्डाल उच्यते ।।११।।
One may know the four Vedas and the Dharma-sastras, yet if he has no realisation of his own spiritual self, he can be said to be like the ladle (spoon) which stirs all kinds of foods but knows not the taste of any.
पठन्ति चतुरो वेदान् धर्मशास्त्राण्यनेकशः ।
आत्मानं नैव जानन्ति दवी पाकरसं यथा ।।१२।।
Those blessed souls are certainly elevated who, while crossing the ocean of life, take shelter of a genuine brahmana, who is likened unto a boat. They are unlike passengers aboard an ordinary ship that runs the risk of sinking.
धन्या द्विजमयि नौका विपरीता भवार्णवे ।
तरन्त्यधोगताः सर्वे उपरिस्थाः पतन्त्यधः ।।१३।।
The moon, who is the abode of nectar and the presiding deity of all medicines, although immortal like amrta and resplendent in form, loses the brilliance of his rays when he repairs to the abode of the sun (day time). Therefore, will not an ordinary man be made to feel inferior by going to live at the house of another?
अयममृतनिधानं नायकोऽप्यौषधीनां ।
अमृतमयशरीरः कान्तियुक्तोऽपि चन्द्रः ।।
भवति विगतरश्मिर्मण्डलं प्राप्य भानोः ।
परसदननिविष्टः को लघुत्वं न याति ।।१४।।
This humble bee, which always resides among the soft petals of the lotus and drinks abundantly its sweet nectar, is now feasting on the flower of the ordinary kutaja. Being in a strange country where the lotuses do not exist, he is considering the pollen of the kutaja to be nice.
अलिरयं नलिनीदलमध्यगः कमलिनीमकरन्दमदालसः ।
विधिवशात्परदेशमुपागतः कुटजपुष्परसं बहु मन्यते ।।१५।।
(Lord Visnu asked His spouse Lakshmi why She did not care to live in the house of a brahmana.She replied:) “O Lord a rishi named Agastya drank up My father (the ocean) in anger; Brighu Muni kicked You; brahmanas pride themselves on their learning having sought the favour of My competitor Sarasvati; and lastly they pluck each day the lotus which is My abode, and therewith worship Lord Shiva. Therefore, O Lord, I fear to dwell with a brahmana”.
पीतः क्रुध्देन तातश्चरणतलहता वल्लभो येन रोषा-
दाबाल्याद्विप्रवर्यैः स्ववदनविवरे धार्यते वैरिणी में ।
गेहं मे छेदयन्ति प्रतिदिवसमुमाकान्तपूजानिमित्तं
तस्मात्खिन्नासदात्हंद्विजकुलनिलयं नाथ युक्तं त्यजामि ।।१६।।
There are many ways of binding by which one can be dominated and controlled in this world, but the bond of affection is the strongest. For example, take the case of the humble bee, which, although expert at piercing hardened wood, becomes caught in the embrace of its beloved flowers (as the petals close at dusk).
बंधनानि खलु सन्ति बहूनि प्रेमरज्जुकृतबन्धनमन्यत् ।
दारुभेदनिपुणोऽपिषण्डघ्निर्निष्क्रियोभवति पंकजकोशे ।।१७।।
Although sandalwood is cut, it does not forsake its natural quality of fragrance; so also the elephant does not give up sportiveness though he should grow old. The sugarcane does not cease to be sweet though squeezed in a mill; so the man of noble extraction does not lose his lofty qualities, no matter how pinched he is by poverty.
छिन्नोऽपि चंदनतरुर्न जहाति गन्धं
वृध्दोऽपि वारणपतिर्न जहाति लीलाम् ।
यंत्रार्पितो मधुरतां न जहाति चेक्षुः
क्षीणोऽपि न त्यजति शीलगुणान् कुलीनः ।।१८।।
19. रुक्मिणी भगवान् से कहती हैं हे केशव! आपने एक छोटे से पहाड को दोनों हाथों से उठा लिया वह इसीलिये स्वर्ग और पृथ्वी दोनों लोकों में गोवर्धनधारी कहे जाने लगे। लेकिन तीनों लोकों को धारण करनेवाले आपको मैं अपने कुचों के अगले भाग से ही उठा लेती हूँ, फिर उसकी कोई गिनती ही नहीं होती। हे नाथ! बहुत कुछ कहने से कोई प्रयोजन नहीं, यही समझ लीजिए कि बडे पुण्य से यश प्राप्त होता है।
उर्व्यां कोऽपि महीधरो लघुतरो दोर्भ्यां धृतो लीलया
तेन त्वांदिवि भूतले च ससतं गोवर्धनी गीयसे ।
त्वां त्रैलोक्यधरं वहामि कुचयोरग्रेण तद् गण्यते
किंवा केशव भाषणेन बहुनापुण्यैर्यशो लभ्यते ।।१९।।