Untruthfulness, rashness, guile, stupidity, avarice, uncleanliness and cruelty are a woman’s seven natural flaws.
अनृतं साहसं माया मूर्खत्वमतिलोभिता ।
अशौचत्वं निर्दयत्वं स्त्रीणांदोषाःस्वभावजाः ।।१।।
2. भोजन के योग्य पदार्थ और भोजन करने की क्षमता, सुन्दर स्त्री और उसे भोगने के लिए काम शक्ति, पर्याप्त धनराशि तथा दान देने की भावना – ऐसे संयोगों का होना सामान्य तप का फल नहीं है .
To have ability for eating when dishes are ready at hand, to be robust and virile in the company of one’s religiously wedded wife, and to have a mind for making charity when one is prosperous are the fruits of no ordinary austerities.
भोज्यं भोजनशक्तिश्च रतिशक्तिर्वराङ्गना ।
विभवो दानशक्तिश्च नाऽल्पस्य तपसः फलम् ।।२।।
१. जिसका पुत्र आज्ञाकारी है.
२. जिसकी पत्नी उसकी इच्छा के अनुरूप व्यवहार करती है.
३. जिसे अपने धन पर संतोष है.
He whose son is obedient to him, whose wife’s conduct is in accordance with his wishes, and who is content with his riches, has his heaven here on earth.
यस्य पुत्रो वशीभूतो भार्या छन्दानुगामिनी ।
विभवे यश्च सन्तुष्टस्तस्य स्वर्ग इहैव हि ।।३।।
They alone are sons who are devoted to their father. He is a father who supports his sons. He is a friend in whom we can confide, and she only is a wife in whose company the husband feels contented and peaceful.
ते पुत्रा ये पितुर्भक्ताः स पिता यस्तु पोषकः ।
तन्मित्रंयत्रविश्वासःसा भार्या यत्र निर्वृतिः ।।४।।
Avoid him who talks sweetly before you but tries to ruin you behind your back, for he is like a pitcher of poison with milk on top.
परोक्षे कार्य्यहन्तारं प्रत्यक्षे प्रियवादिनम्।।
वर्ज्जयेत्तादृशं मित्रं विषकुम्भम्पयोमुखम् ।।५।।
Do not put your trust in a bad companion nor even trust an ordinary friend, for if he should get angry with you, he may bring all your secrets to light.
न विश्वसेत्कुमित्रे च मित्रे चापि न विश्वसेत् ।
कदाचित्कुपितं मित्रं सर्वगुह्यं प्रकाशयेत् ।।६।।
Do not reveal what you have thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it secret, being determined to carry it into execution.
मनसा चिन्तितं कार्यं वचसा न प्रकाशयेत् ।
मंत्रेण रक्षयेद् गूढं कार्य्यं चापि नियोजयेत् ।।७।।
Foolishness is indeed painful, and verily so is youth, but more painful by far than either is being obliged in another person’s house.
कष्टञ्च खलु मूर्खत्वं कष्टं च खलु यौवनम् ।
कष्टात् कष्टतरं चैव परगेहे निवासनम् ।।८।।
There does not exist a pearl in every mountain, nor a pearl in the head of every elephant; neither are the sadhus to be found everywhere, nor sandal trees in every forest.
शैले शैले न माणिक्यं मौक्तिकं न गजे गजे ।
साधवो नहि सर्वत्र चन्दनं न वने वने ।।९।।
Wise men should always bring up their sons in various moral ways, for children who have knowledge of niti-sastra and are well behaved become a glory to their family.
पुत्राश्च विविधैः शीलैर्नियोज्याः सततं बुधैः ।
नीतिज्ञाः शीलसम्पन्ना भवन्ति कुलपूजिताः ।।१०।।
Those parents who do not educate their sons are their enemies; for as is a crane among swans, so are ignorant sons in a public assembly.
माता शत्रुः पिता वैरी येन बालो न पाठितः ।
न शोभते सभामध्ये हंसमध्ये वको यथा ।।११।।
Many a bad habit is developed through over indulgence, and many a good one by chastisement, therefore beat your son as well as your pupil; never indulge them. (“Spare the rod and spoil the child.”)
लालनाद् बहवो दोषास्ताडनाद् बहवो गुणाः ।
तस्मात्पुत्रं च शिष्यं च ताडयेन्नतुलालयेत् ।।१२।।
Let not a single day pass without your learning a verse, half a verse, or a fourth of it, or even one letter of it; nor without attending to charity, study and other pious activity.
श्लोकेन वा तदर्धेन पादेनैकाक्षरेण वा ।
अवन्घ्यं दिवसं कुर्याद्दानाध्ययनकर्मभिः ।।१३।।
Separation from the wife, disgrace from one’s own people, an enemy saved in battle, service to a wicked king, poverty, and a mismanaged assembly: these six kinds of evils, if afflicting a person, burn him even without fire.
कान्ता वियोगः स्वजनापमानि । ऋणस्य शेषं कुनृपस्य सेवा ।।
दरिद्रभावो विषमा सभा च । विनाग्निना ते प्रदहन्ति कायम् ।।१४।।
Trees on a riverbank, a woman in another man’s house, and kings without counselors go without doubt to swift destruction.
नदीतीरे च ये वृक्षाः परगेहेषु कामिनी ।
मंत्रिहीनाश्च राजानः शीघ्रं नश्यन्त्यसंशयम् ।।१५।।
A brahmin’s strength is in his learning, a king’s strength is in his army, a vaishya’s strength is in his wealth and a shudra’s strength is in his attitude of service.
बलं विद्या च विप्राणां राज्ञां सैन्यबलं तथा ।
बलंवित्तञ्चवैश्यानां शूद्राणां परिचर्यिका ।।१६।।
The prostitute has to forsake a man who has no money, the subject a king that cannot defend him, the birds a tree that bears no fruit, and the guests a house after they have finished their meals.
निर्धनं पुरुषं वेश्या प्रजा भग्नं नृपं त्यजेत् ।
खगा वीतफलं वृक्षं भुक्त्वाचाभ्यागतोगृहम् ।।१७।।
Brahmins quit their patrons after receiving alms from them, scholars leave their teachers after receiving education from them, and animals desert a forest that has been burnt down.
गृहीत्वा दक्षिणां विप्रास्त्यजन्ति यजमानकम् ।
प्राप्तविद्या गुरुं शिष्या दग्धारण्यं मृगास्तथा ।।१८।।
He who befriends a man whose conduct is vicious, whose vision impure, and who is notoriously crooked, is rapidly ruined.
दुराचारी दुरादृष्टिर्दुरावासी च दुर्जनः ।
यन्मैत्रीक्रियते पुम्भिर्नरःशीघ्रं विनश्यति ।।१९।।
Friendship between equals flourishes, service under a king is respectable, it is good to be business-minded in public dealings, and a handsome lady is safe in her own home.
समाने शोभते प्रीतिः राज्ञि सेवा च शोभते ।
वाणिज्यंव्यवहारेषु स्त्री दिव्या शोभते गृहे ।।२०।।