Generosity, pleasing address, courage and propriety of conduct are not acquired, but are inbred qualities.
दातृत्वं प्रियवक्तृत्वं धीरत्वमुचितज्ञता ।
अभ्यासेन न लभ्यन्ते चत्वारः सहजा गुणाः ।।१।।
He who forsakes his own community and joins another perishes as the king who embraces an unrighteous path.
आत्मवर्गं परित्यज्य परवर्गं समाश्रयेत् ।
स्वयमेव लयं याति यथा राज्यमधर्मतः ।।२।।
The elephant has a huge body but is controlled by the ankusha (goad): yet, is the goad as large as the elephant? A lighted candle banishes darkness: is the candle as vast as the darkness. A mountain is broken even by a thunderbolt: is the thunderbolt therefore as big as the mountain? No, he whose power prevails is really mighty; what is there in bulk?
हस्ती स्थूलतनुः सचांकुशवशः कि हस्तिमात्रेकुंशः ।
दीपे प्रज्वलिते प्रणश्यति तमः किं दीपमात्रं तमः ।।
वज्रेणापि हताः पतन्ति गिरयः किं वज्रमात्रन्नगाः ।
तेजो यस्य विराजते स बलवान्स्थूलेषुकः प्रत्ययः ।।३।।
4. कलोदश सहस्त्राणि हरिस्त्यजति मेदिनीम् ।
तदर्ध्दं जान्हवीतोयं तदर्ध्दं ग्रामदेवताः ।।४।।
He who is engrossed in family life will never acquire knowledge; there can be no mercy in the eater of flesh; the greedy man will not be truthful; and purity will not be found in a woman or a hunter.
गृहासक्तस्य नो विद्या न दया मांस भोजिनः ।
द्रव्यलुब्धस्य नो सत्यं स्त्रैणस्य न पवित्रता ।।५।।
The wicked man will not attain sanctity even if he is instructed in different ways, and the nim tree will not become sweet even if it is sprinkled from the top to the roots with milk and ghee.
न दुर्जनः साधुदशामुपैति बहुप्रकारैरपि शिक्ष्यमाणः ।
आमूलसिक्तः पयसाघृतेन न निम्बवृक्षौमधुरत्वमेति ।।६।।
Mental dirt cannot be washed away even by one-hundred baths in the sacred waters, just as a wine pot cannot be purified even by evaporating all the wine by fire.
अन्तर्गतमलौ दुष्टः तीर्थस्नानशतैरपि ।
न शुध्दयति यथा भाण्डं सुरदा दाहितं च यत् ।।७।।
It is not strange if a man reviles a thing of which he has no knowledge, just as a wild hunter’s wife throws away the pearl that is found in the head of an elephant, and picks up a gunj (a type of seed which poor tribals wear as ornaments).
न वेत्ति तो यस्य गुण प्रकर्ष स तं सदा निन्दति नाऽत्र चित्रम् ।
यथा किरती करिकुम्भलब्धां मुक्तां परित्यज्य बिभर्ति गुञ्जाम् ।।८।।
He who for one year eats his meals silently (inwardly meditating upon the Lord’s prasadam); attains to the heavenly planets for a thousand crore of years. ( Note: one crore equals ten million)
ये तु संवत्सरं पूर्ण नित्यं मौनेन भुंजते ।
युगकोटि सहस्त्रन्तु स्वर्गलोके महीयते ।।९।।
The student (brahmacari) should completely renounce the following eight things — his lust, anger, greed, desire for sweets, sense of decorating the body, excessive curiosity, excessive sleep, and excessive endeavour for bodily maintenance.
कामं क्रोधं तथा लोभं स्वादुश्रृंगारकौतुकम् ।
अतिनिद्राऽतिसेवा च विद्यार्थी ह्यष्ट वर्जयेत् ।।१०।।
11. अकृष्टफलमुलानि वनवासरितः सदा ।
कुरुतेऽहरहः श्राध्दमृषिर्विप्रः स उच्यते ।।११।।
He alone is a true brahmana (dvija or “twice-born”) who is satisfied with one meal a day, who has the six samskaras (or acts of purification such as garbhadhana, etc.) performed for him, and who cohabits with his wife only once in a month on an auspicious day after her menses.
एकाहारेण सन्तुष्टः षट्कर्मनिरतः सदा ।
रीतुकालेऽभिगामी च स विप्रो द्विज उच्यते ।।१२।।
The brahmana who is engrossed in worldly affairs, brings up cows and is engaged in trade is really called a vaishya.
लौकिके कर्मणि रतः पशूनां परिपालकः ।
वाणिज्यकृषिकर्ता यः स विप्रो वैश्य उच्यते ।।१३।।
The brahmana who deals in lac-die, articles, oil, indigo, silken cloth, honey, clarified butter, liquor, and flesh is called a shudra.
लाक्षादितैलनीलानां कौसुम्भमधुसर्पिषाम् ।
विक्रेता मद्यमांसानां स विप्रः शुद्र उच्यते ।।१४।।
The brahmana who thwarts the doings of others, who is hypocritical, selfish, and a deceitful hater, and while speaking mildly cherishes cruelty in his heart, is called a cat.
परकार्यविहन्ता च दाम्भिकः स्वार्थसाधकः ।
छली द्वेषी मृदुक्रूरो विप्रो मार्जार उच्यते ।।१५।।
The brahmana who destroys a pond, a well, a tank, a garden and a temple is called a maleccha.
उच्छेदने निराशंकः स विप्रो म्लेच्छ उच्यते ।।१६।।
The brahmana who steals the property of the Deities and the spiritual preceptor, who cohabits with another’s wife, and who maintains himself by eating anything and everything s called a chandala.
देवद्रव्यं गुरुद्रव्यं परदाराभिमर्षणम् ।
निर्वाहः सर्वभूतेषु विप्रश्चाण्डाल उच्यते ।।१७।।
The meritorious should give away in charity all that they have in excess of their needs. By charity only Karna, Bali and King Vikramaditya survive even today. Just see the plight of the honeybees beating their legs in despair upon the earth. They are saying to themselves, “Alas! We neither enjoyed our stored-up honey nor gave it in charity, and now someone has taken it from us in an instant.”
देयं भोज्यधनं सुकृतिभिर्नो संचयस्तस्य व श्रीकर्णस्य बलेश्च विक्रमपतेरद्यापि कीर्तिः स्थिता ।
अस्माकं मधुदानभोगरहितं नष्टं चिरात्सचितं निर्वाणादिति नष्टपादयुगल घर्षन्यहो मक्षिकाः ।।१८।।